Our Ocean, Our Future: Call for Action (A/RES/71/312)
The Ocean and its resources give great support to human well-being and livelihoods, and are critical to achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). However, human activities continue to threaten the well-being of the Ocean and its resources. These threats include unsustainable fishing practices and harmful fisheries subsidies, and ineffective waste management that results in various kinds of marine pollution, such as plastic pollution and nutrient pollution. SDG 14 and its ten targets, inter alia, aim to address the above-mentioned challenges facing the Ocean. The Ocean Conference in 2017 raised awareness about the deteriorating health of the world’s Ocean and resulted in ambitious outcomes, including the intergovernmentally-agreed political declaration “Our Ocean, Our Future: Call for Action”.
Transforming our world: Τhe 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Α/RES/70/1)
The 2030 Agenda is a plan of action for people, planet and prosperity. It also seeks to strengthen universal peace in larger freedom. Eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. All countries and all stakeholders, acting in collaborative partnership, will implement this plan, pledging that no one will be left behind. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets demonstrate the scale and ambition of this new universal Agenda. They seek to build on the Millennium Development Goals and complete what these did not achieve. They also seek to realize the human rights of all and to achieve gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls. They are integrated and indivisible and balance the three dimensions of sustainable development: the economic, social and environmental. The Goals and targets will stimulate action over the next fifteen years in areas of critical importance for humanity and the planet: People, Planet, Prosperity, Peace, Partnerships (5Ps).
Samoa Pathway (A/RES/69/15)
The 3rd International Conference on Small Island Developing States/SIDS (1-4 September 2014, Apia, Samoa) resulted in the adoption of the Small Island Developing States Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway and the announcement of 300 multi-stakeholder partnerships in support of SIDS. It also established a unique intergovernmental SIDS Partnership Framework, designed to monitor progress of existing, and stimulate the launch of new, genuine and durable partnerships for the sustainable development of SIDS. The Conference, with the overarching theme “The sustainable development of SIDS through genuine and durable partnerships”, played a significant role in identifying priorities that needed to be considered in the formulation of the 2030 Agenda.
The Future We Want (A/RES/66/288)
The Future We Want is the declaration on sustainable development and a green economy adopted at the UN Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio (19 June 2012). It includes broad sustainability objectives within themes of Poverty Eradication, Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture, Energy, Sustainable Transport, Sustainable Cities, Health and Population and Promoting Full and Productive Employment. It calls for a UN resolution strengthening and consolidating UNEP both financially and institutionally so that it can better disseminate environmental information and provide capacity building for countries.
Paris Agreement (FCCC/CP/2015/L.9/Rev.1)
The Paris Agreement, for the first time brings all nations into a common cause to undertake ambitious efforts to combat climate change and adapt to its effects, with enhanced support to assist developing countries to do so. As such, it charts a new course in the global climate effort. The Paris Agreement central aim is to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by keeping a global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius. Additionally, the Agreement aims to strengthen the ability of countries to deal with the impacts of climate change. To reach these ambitious goals, appropriate financial flows, a new technology framework and an enhanced capacity building framework will be put in place, thus supporting action by developing countries and the most vulnerable countries, in line with their own national objectives. The Agreement requires all Parties to put forward their best efforts through nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and to strengthen these efforts in the years ahead. This includes requirements that all Parties report regularly on their emissions and on their implementation efforts.
Addis Ababa Action Agenda (A/RES/69/313)
The Addis Ababa Action Agenda was adopted at the 3rd International Conference on Financing for Development (13-16 July 2015, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia). The Action Agenda establishes a strong foundation to support the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It provides a new global framework for financing sustainable development by aligning all financing flows and policies with economic, social and environmental priorities. It includes a comprehensive set of policy actions, with over 100 concrete measures that draw upon all sources of finance, technology, innovation, trade, debt and data, in order to support achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 (A/RES/69/283)
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 (Sendai Framework) is the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda, with seven targets and four priorities for action. The Sendai Framework is a 15-year; voluntary, non-binding agreement which recognizes that the State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk but that responsibility should be shared with other stakeholders including local government, the private sector and other stakeholders. The Sendai Framework is the successor instrument to the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters.
More information: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/frameworks