Policy Coherence for Development (PCD) constitutes a key pillar of European Union (EU) efforts to enhance the positive impact and increase effectiveness of development cooperation.
Through this report, the Commission is taking stock of what has been done at EU and at its Member States’ level concerning PCD over the period 2015-2018. As was the case for previous PCD reports, this report is a collaborative effort, on the basis of contributions from the EU Member States, the European Commission and the European External Action Service (EEAS). This report also aims to frame PCD within the global changing development context and notably the evolution from the Millennium Development Goals to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
EU Member States are responsible for ensuring PCD in their national policies and at EU level. To this end, they have their own coordination mechanisms in place. The EU Member States’ political commitment to PCD was reiterated at the highest level with the adoption of the new European Consensus on Development. The new European Consensus on Development foresees that PCD is applied across all policies and all areas covered by the 2030 Agenda, with special attention paid to trade, finance, environment and climate change, food security, migration and security
Human development and improving the well-being of people is crucial. In the new European Consensus for Development, the EU reiterated its commitment to allocating at least 20% of its Official Development Assistance to social inclusion and human development. This commitment was also maintained in the recent Commission proposal for a Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument, which would be the main funding stream under the newly proposed funding architecture for the EU’s external action (Multi-Annual Financial Framework 2021-2027).
The new European Consensus on Development recognises the positive contribution of well-managed migration to inclusive growth and sustainable development, while acknowledging the serious challenges posed particularly by irregular migration and forced displacement. By adopting a comprehensive approach to migration, the EU has established new and deep relationship with its partners. In line with the EU’s comprehensive approach towards migration, Greece established the Ministry for Migration Policy in 2016, in order to enhance coordination, supervision and cohesion of the policies for developing country citizens’ first reception, asylum, immigration and social inclusion.